METEOROLOGY

STUDY GUIDE

EXAM 2

Read chapters 4, 5, 6, & 7, study the vocabulary terms, and review your notes.

ADDITIONAL HINTS:

  • Know how to do relative humidity problems.
  • Know how to do orographic uplift problems.
  • What are the three ways to make the air rise, expand, and cool?
  • What is the most common type of precipitation?
  • What happens to the relative humidity when the difference between the wet but temperature and the dry bulb temperature increases or decreases?
  • You will have a question about the conditions that create absolute stability in the atmosphere.
  • According to the Bergeron Process, what grows larger, ice particles or water droplets?
  • Know the latitudes of all the wind and pressure belts.
  • What is standard atmospheric pressure at sea level in inches and centimeters of  mercury, pounds per square inch, and in millibars.
  • When do you switch to the wet adiabatic lapse rate?
  • Are anticyclones conducive to heavy precipitation?
  • What causes the trade winds?
  • Know the characteristics of cyclones and anti cyclones in each hemisphere.
  • At what time of the day would you expect to find maximum and minimum relative humidity?
  • Does the jet stream provide heat exchange in the atmosphere?
  • Can jet streams develop oscillatory patterns?
  • What do isobars connect?
  • What determines the air’s capacity to hold water vapor?
  • What causes geostrophic winds?
  • What time of the day would you experience the greatest cold air drainage off of mountain slopes?
  • Is a radiation fog an indicator of a temperature inversion?
  • Is the predictability of cloud seeding well established?
  • Is the collision-coalescence process of precipitation more likely to occur in tropical regions or      polar regions?
  • Is the subtropical jet an easterly or westerly wind?
  • What are Foehn winds?
  • Is the Coriolis Effect strongest at the equator or the poles?
  • Do you name wind direction based on where they are coming from, or where they are      blowing to?
  • What causes a sea breeze?
  • Understand the term dew point?
  • Does air pressure increase or decrease  with increased elevation?
  • Are winds deflected to the right or the left in the northern hemisphere?
  • Do upper air winds blow at a higher or lower velocity compared to surface winds?
  • Does the land-sea breeze cycle follow a daily pattern?
  • What kind of clouds is hail associated with?
  • How does advection fog form?
  • Would a steep pressure gradient be indicated by closely or widely spaced isobars?
  • You will have a matching section on cloud descriptions.
  • You will have a matching section on weather instruments.

 

ESSAY QUESTION

By drawing a simple hypothetical continent surrounded by water, create an atmospheric situation in which a location would receive extremely low average annual precipitation.  Be sure to designate this location on your continent and include latitude lines.  You may include landforms if you desire.  Explain why you selected this location.

Last Updated: 4/18/2012 3:32 PM