METEORELOGY

STUDY GUIDE

EXAM 1

 

Read Chapters 1, 2, 3, and 4 pp.95-99, study the vocabulary terms, and review your lecture notes .

 ADDITIONAL HINTS:

  •  Know the most abundant gases in the atmosphere.
  • What is the environmental lapse rate?
  •  Know the difference between aphelion and perihelion.
  •  How does the majority of oxygen get into our atmosphere?
  •  Understand the terms solstice and equinox and know when they occur.
  •  When does Visalia experience it’s longest day and it’s shortest day?.
  •  What would happen if the earth’s rotational velocity increased?
  •  How much is the earth’s axis tilted?
  •  Understand what happens during a temperature inversion.
  •  What might happen if the rate of the earth’s revolution increased?
  •  What happens at the Arctic Circle on June 22nd or December 22 nd .
  •  Approximately how much of the sun’s short-wave radiation is reflected, scattered , or absorbed before making it to the surface of the earth?
  •  Know the freezing and boiling points on the Fahrenheit and Celsius scales and how to   do conversions between the two scales.
  •  Understand how to figure an average annual temperature range and where in the world one might experience the largest and smallest ranges.
  • Understand the relationship between maximum temperature and maximum insolation.
  • What are isotherms and how do you recognize a weak or steep temperature gradient?
  • Understand land/water contrasts.
  • What causes seasonality?
  • Understand Wien’s Law.
  • What surfaces have high or low albedos.
  • On a daily basis, when are you likely to experience the highest and lowest temperatures?
  • Which atmospheric gases are primarily responsible for creating the atmospheric effect?
  • What is radiosonde?
  • What is the difference between the the homosphere and the heterosphere?
  • What does cloud cover do to daily temperature ranges?
  • What is hypoxia?
  • You will have a matching section on heat transfer mechanisms.
  • You will also have a matching section on diagram asking you to locate the equator, the axis, the circle of illumination, and the plane of the ecliptic.

 

ESSAY - 3 PARTS

 

1) Explain the general theory of Global Warming

 

2) Explain the general theory of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion.

 

3) Are there ant interrelationships between these two problems?

 

BRING SCANTRON 886   

Last Updated: 4/18/2012 3:32 PM